Raised in California, Chris Burden earned his BFA in 1969 at Pomona College in Claremont, California, before completing his MFA in 1971 at the University of California in Irvine. During the 1970s, Burden created performances of simple, yet often extreme, acts that challenged the cultural preconceptions of the day and transformed the stage of Contemporary art making practice: no longer were artists limited to the realm of painting and sculpture. These performances—among them Five Day Locker Piece, Shoot, and Doorway to Heaven—form the artist’s early career, while he later went on to produce significant sculptural and installation projects. Among the venues for his numerous solo exhibitions are the Orange County Museum of Art (2000), the MAK-Austrian Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna (1996), and the Brooklyn Museum of Art (1991). He has also been included in major group shows such as Sunshine and Noir (organized by the Louisiana Museum, Denmark, 1997) and Helter Skelter (Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 1991).